nd) KEY NOUN:
TRANSITIVE VERB: is·land·ed
Abbr. Isl. or Is. or I. A land mass, especially one smaller than a continent, entirely surrounded by water.
- Something resembling an island, especially in being isolated or surrounded, as:
- An unattached kitchen counter providing easy access from all sides.
- A raised curbed area, often used to delineate rows of parking spaces or lanes of traffic.
- The superstructure of a ship, especially an aircraft carrier.
- Anatomy A cluster of cells differing in structure or function from the cells constituting the surrounding tissue.
- To make into or as if into an island; insulate: a secluded mansion, islanded by shrubbery and fences.
Alteration (influenced by isle
), of Middle English ilond
from Old English egland
: g, eg
; see akw--
in Indo-European roots + land
; see lendh-
in Indo-European rootsWORD HISTORY:
It may seem hard to believe, but Latin aqua,
"water," is related to island,
which originally meant "watery land." Aqua
comes almost unchanged from Indo-European *akw-,
in Germanic by Grimm's Law and other sound changes. To this was built the adjective *ahwj-,
"watery." This then evolved to *awwj-
which in pre-English became *aj-,
and finally g
in Old English. Island,
first appears in Old English in King Alfred's translation of Boethius about a.d.
888; the spellings igland
appear in contemporary documents. The s
is due to a mistaken etymology, confusing the etymologically correct English iland
with French isle. Isle
comes ultimately from Latin nsula
"island," a component of paennsula,
"almost-island," whence our peninsula.