n) KEY NOUN:
- The act or process of repairing or the condition of being repaired.
- The act or process of making amends; expiation.
- Something done or paid to compensate or make amends.
- reparations Compensation or remuneration required from a defeated nation as indemnity for damage or injury during a war.
Middle English reparacion
, from Old French, from Late Latin reparti, repartin-
, from Latin repartus
, past participle of reparre
, to repair
; see repair1SYNONYMS: reparation, redress, amends, restitution, indemnity
These nouns refer to something given in compensation for loss, suffering, or damage. Reparation
implies recompense given to one who has suffered at the hands of another: "reparation for our rights at home, and security against the like future violations" (William Pitt). Redress
involves setting an injustice right; the term may imply retaliation or punishment: "There is no grievance that is a fit object of redress by mob law" (Abraham Lincoln). Amends
usually implies the giving of satisfaction for a minor grievance or lesser injury: How can I make amends for losing my temper? Restitution
is the restoration of something taken illegally: "He attempted to enforce the restitution of the Roman lands and cities" (George P.R. James). Indemnity
implies repayment or reimbursement: Homeowners demanded indemnity for the damages caused by the riot.