, city (1994 est. pop. 1,131,200), capital of Guizhou prov., SW China. On the main road from Kunming to Chongqing, it is also a rail (since 1959) and industrial center. Textiles, chemical fertilizers, machine tools, petroleum and rubber products, cement, and paper are among its manufactures. Important coal and bauxite fields are nearby. Guiyang's institutions of higher learning include Guizhou Univ.