) KEY NOUN:
- An aromatic perennial herb (Chamaemelum nobile) in the composite family, native to Europe and the Mediterranean region, having feathery foliage and flower heads with white rays and yellow centers.
- A similar, related Eurasian annual plant (Matricaria recutita).
- The dried flower heads of either one of these plants, used to make an herbal tea and yielding an oil used in commercial flavorings and perfumery.
Middle English camomille
, from Old French, from Late Latin chamomilla
, alteration of Latin chamaemlon
, from Greek khamaimlon
, on the ground
; see dhghem-
in Indo-European roots + mlon