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gram·mar  audio  (grmr) KEY 

    1. The study of how words and their component parts combine to form sentences.
    2. The study of structural relationships in language or in a language, sometimes including pronunciation, meaning, and linguistic history.
    1. The system of inflections, syntax, and word formation of a language.
    2. The system of rules implicit in a language, viewed as a mechanism for generating all sentences possible in that language.
    1. A normative or prescriptive set of rules setting forth the current standard of usage for pedagogical or reference purposes.
    2. Writing or speech judged with regard to such a set of rules.
  1. A book containing the morphologic, syntactic, and semantic rules for a specific language.
    1. The basic principles of an area of knowledge: the grammar of music.
    2. A book dealing with such principles.

Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire, alteration of Latin grammatica, from Greek grammatik, from feminine of grammatikos, of letters, from gramma, grammat-, letter; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots

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