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Definition of reparation


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rep·a·ra·tion  audio  (rp-rshn) KEY 

NOUN:
  1. The act or process of repairing or the condition of being repaired.
  2. The act or process of making amends; expiation.
  3. Something done or paid to compensate or make amends.
  4. reparations Compensation or remuneration required from a defeated nation as indemnity for damage or injury during a war.

ETYMOLOGY:
Middle English reparacion, from Old French, from Late Latin reparti, repartin-, restoration, from Latin repartus, past participle of reparre, to repair ; see repair1

SYNONYMS:
reparation, redress, amends, restitution, indemnity

These nouns refer to something given in compensation for loss, suffering, or damage. Reparation implies recompense given to one who has suffered at the hands of another: "reparation for our rights at home, and security against the like future violations" (William Pitt). Redress involves setting an injustice right; the term may imply retaliation or punishment: "There is no grievance that is a fit object of redress by mob law" (Abraham Lincoln). Amends usually implies the giving of satisfaction for a minor grievance or lesser injury: How can I make amends for losing my temper? Restitution is the restoration of something taken illegally: "He attempted to enforce the restitution of the Roman lands and cities" (George P.R. James). Indemnity implies repayment or reimbursement: Homeowners demanded indemnity for the damages caused by the riot.


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