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Houghton Mifflin

up  audio  (p) KEY 

ADVERB:
    1. In or to a higher position: looking up.
    2. In a direction opposite to the center of the earth or a comparable gravitational center: up from the lunar surface.
  1. In or to an upright position: sat up in bed.
    1. Above a surface: coming up for air.
    2. So as to detach or unearth: pulling up weeds.
    3. Above the horizon: as the sun came up.
  2. Into view or existence: draw up a will.
  3. Into consideration: take up a new topic.
  4. In or toward a position conventionally regarded as higher, as on a scale, chart, or map: temperatures heading up; up in Canada.
  5. To or at a higher price: stocks that are going up.
  6. So as to advance, increase, or improve: Our spirits went up.
  7. With or to a greater intensity, pitch, or volume: turn the sound up.
  8. Into a state of excitement or turbulence: stir up; rouse up.
  9. Completely; entirely: drank it up in a gulp; fastened up the coat.
  10. Used as an intensifier of the action of a verb: typed up a list.
  11. So as to approach; near: came up and kissed me.
  12. To a stop: pulled up in front of the station.
  13. Each; apiece: The score was tied at 11 up.
  14. Apart; into pieces: tore it up.
  15. Nautical To windward.
ADJECTIVE:
  1. Being above a former position or level; higher: My grades are up. The pressure is up.
    1. Out of bed: was up by seven.
    2. Standing; erect.
    3. Facing upward: two cards up, one down; the up side of a tossed coin.
  2. Raised; lifted: a switch in the up position.
  3. Moving or directed upward: an up elevator.
    1. Marked by increased excitement or agitation; aroused: Our fighting spirit was up.
    2. Informal Cheerful; optimistic; upbeat.
    3. Slang Happily excited; euphoric: After receiving the award, the performer was really up.
  4. Informal Taking place; going on: wondered what was up back home.
  5. Being considered; under study: a contract that is up for renewal.
  6. Running as a candidate.
  7. On trial; charged: The defendant is up for manslaughter.
  8. Having been finished; over: Your time is up.
  9. Informal
    1. Prepared; ready: had to be up for the game.
    2. Well informed; abreast: not up on sports.
  10. Functioning or capable of functioning normally; operational: Their computers are now up.
  11. Sports Being ahead of one's opponent: up two strokes in golf.
  12. Baseball At bat.
  13. As a bet; at stake.
  14. Nautical Bound; headed: a freighter up for Panama.
PREPOSITION:
  1. From a lower to or toward a higher point on: up the hill.
  2. Toward or at a point farther along: two miles up the road.
  3. In a direction toward the source of: up the Mississippi.
  4. Nautical Against: up the wind.
NOUN:
  1. An upward slope; a rise.
  2. An upward movement or trend.
  3. Slang A feeling of excitement or euphoria.
VERB:
upped, up·ping, ups
VERB:
tr.
  1. To increase: upped their fees; upping our output.
  2. To raise to a higher level, especially to promote to a higher position.
  3. Nautical To raise: up anchor; up sail.
VERB:
intr.
  1. To get up; rise.
  2. Informal To act suddenly or unexpectedly: "She upped and perjured her immortal soul" (Margery Allingham).

IDIOMS:
on the up-and-up/up and up Informal
Open and honest.
up against
Confronted with; facing: up against a strong opponent.
up to
  1. Occupied with, especially devising or scheming: a prowler up to no good.
  2. Able to do or deal with: didn't feel up to a long drive.
  3. Dependent on: The success of this project is up to us.
    1. To the point of; as far as: I'm up to chapter 15 in my book.
    2. As long as: allowed up to two hours to finish the test.
    3. As many as: seed that yields up to 300 bushels per acre.

ETYMOLOGY:
Middle English up, upward, and uppe, on high both from Old English p; see upo in Indo-European roots


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