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Punta Arenas
 (psymboln´tä ärā´näs) , city (1990 est. pop. 120,000), capital of Magallanes y La Antartica Chilena region, in Tierra del Fuego, S Chile, the only city on the Strait of Magellan and the world's southernmost city. Punta Arenas was founded in 1849 to maintain Chile's claim to the strait. Until the building of the Panama Canal, Punta Arenas was a busy coaling station and has since been an important center for export of Patagonian wool and mutton. It also exports oil from nearby oil fields. Punta Arenas, which is popular with tourists in spite of a long rainy season, has a notable museum.